Monday, February 6, 2017

Study Guide Final 2016-17


Chapter 11 -The Age of Imperialism
Section 1
Summarize the motives of European colonizers, including the idea of Social Darwinism.
Identify the factors allowing the Europeans to control Africa.
Section 2
Explain different forms of colonial control.
Explain the patterns of imperialist management.
Summarize the impact of colonial rule on Africa.
Section 4
Summarize the impact of British colonialism in India.
Describe early nationalist movements in India.
Section 5
Summarize the impact of European colonization on Southeast Asia.
Summarize the U.S. acquisition of the Philippines and Hawaii.

Chapter 12 – Transformations Around the Globe
Section 1
Explain China’s resistance to foreigners in the 1800s and the tea-opium connection.
Summarize China’s struggles with reform, including problems within the self-strengthening movement.
Section 2
Describe why Japan ended its isolation and how it began modernizing.
Summarize the growth of Japanese imperialism.
Section 3
Explain Latin America’s colonial legacy and reasons for its political instability.
Describe U.S. intervention in Latin America.
Section 4
Explain the causes and results of the Mexican Revolution.

Chapter 13 – The World at War
Section 1
Describe the forces that helped propel Europe into war including, nationalism, imperialism, and militarism.
Explain the alliance system and identify the countries that made up the Triple Alliance and the Triple Entente.
Summarize the events that began World War I.
Section 2
Describe the reaction to Austria’s declaration of war.
Summarize the military events on the Western Front, including the effects of trench warfare.
Summarize the progression of the war on the Eastern Front.
Section 3
Describe the escalation of World War I, including the entry of the United States.
Explain how governments established wartime economies.
Summarize how the Allies pushed to victory.
Section 4
Summarize the main provisions of the Treaty of Versailles, including the purpose of the League of Nations.
Summarize the effects of World War I on Western society.

Chapter 14 – Revolution and Nationalism
Section 1
Summarize the crises that paved the way for revolution in Russia.
Describe the March Revolution and end of czarist rule.
Summarize the Bolshevik Revolution and its outcome.
Explain Lenin’s reforms.
Section 2
Describe Stalin’s goal of transforming the Soviet Union into a totalitarian state.
Summarize Stalin’s state-controlled economic programs.
Explain the methods of control used in totalitarian states.
Section 3
Explain the problems facing China after the overthrow of the Qing Dynasty.
Summarize the rise of the Communist Party in China.
Section 4
Summarize the events that fueled nationalist activity in India.
Summarize how Gandhi used nonviolent tactics to free India from British rule.

Chapter 15 – Years of Crisis
Section 1
Explain how the scientific ideas of Einstein, Freud, and others challenged old beliefs.
Describe how the brutality of war led philosophers and writers to question accepted ideas.
Describe new styles in the arts and new ideas of individual freedom.
Explain how technological advances changed daily life.
Section 2
Describe the impact of World War I on postwar Europe.
Summarize the causes of the Great Depression.
Section 3
Summarize Fascist beliefs and policies.
Describe Mussolini’s rise to power.
Explain how Hitler and the Nazis gained control of Germany.
Section 4
Describe Fascist aggression in Asia, Europe, and Africa.
Summarize why British and French appeasement and American isolationism failed to stop Fascist aggression.

Chapter 16 – World War II
Section 1
Summarize the events leading to World War II, and explain the German strategy of blitzkrieg.
Describe the fall of France and the Battle of Britain.
Explain the conflict in the Mediterranean and on the Eastern Front.
Explain the importance of United States’ aid to the Allies.
Section 2
Explain how Japanese expansionism led to war with the allies in Asia.
Explain the importance of the Allies’ strategy in turning the tide of war against Japan.
Section 3
Summarize the course of the Nazi’s persecution of Jews, including Hitler’s “Final Solution.”
Section 4
Describe the Allied strategy for victory.
Explain how civilians on the Allied front contributed to the war effort.
Summarize events that led to the surrender of Germany.
Explain the importance of the atom bomb in the Allied victory over Japan.
Section 5
Describe the devastation of Europe following the war.
Identify some of the political consequences of the Allied victory in postwar Europe.
Show how defeat affected political and civic life in Japan.

Chapter 17 – Restructuring the Postwar World
Section 1
Explain the U.S.-Soviet postwar split.
Summarize how the Soviets came to dominate Eastern Europe.
Describe U.S. containment of Communist expansion, including the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan.
Describe the Cold War.
Section 2
Explain how China split into two nations.
Describe how Mao’s Marxist regime transformed China.
Section 3
Summarize the course and consequences of the Korean War.
Summarize the course and consequences of the Vietnam War.
Section 4
Describe superpower confrontations in Latin America after World War II.
Identify Cold War conflicts in the middle East.
Section 5
Summarize Soviet domination of the Easter Europe and the Soviet Union-China split.
Explain the origins of d├ętente and its effects on the cold war.
Describe the renewal of Cold War tensions in the 1980s.

Chapter 18 – Colonies Become New Nations
Section 1
Summarize the effect of World War II on the colonies.
Describe the events that led to the partition of India.
Section 2
Summarize the Philippines’ independence movement.
Section 3
Explain the impact of the Negritude movement on the colonists.
Section 4
Summarize the events that led to the formation of the new nation of Israel
Summarize the outbreaks of war between Israel and Arab states.
Describe the Camp David accords.

Chapter 19 – Struggles for Democracy
Section 1
Identify key building blocks of democracy.
Describe the factors that are obstacles to Latin American establishing democratic government.
Section 2
Explain the legacy of colonialism in Africa.
Describe South Africa’s shift toward democracy.
Section 3
Identify Soviet reforms under Mikhail Gorbachev.
Summarize changes in East Germany.
Describe democratic change in Czechoslovakia and Russia.
Section 4
Describe the collapse of the Soviet Union.
Identify problems faced by the Russian government.
Summarize the conflict in the former Yugoslavia.
Explain problems in Poland and Czechoslovakia.
Section 5
Summarize Mao Zedong’s rule.
Describe the democracy movement in China, including Tiananmen Square.
Identify China’s challenges.

Chapter 20 – Global Interdependence
Section 1
Identify the effects of expanding global communications in the late 20th century.
Explain the effects of advances in health care, medicine, and agriculture.
Section 2
Explain the effects of technology on the world economy.
Explain the difference between developed and developing (emerging) nations.
Identify challenges facing developing nations.

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